Nowadays, BIM is the new emerging trends in the Construction industry of Middle-east countries. Building Information Modeling or BIM Services are basically used for performing various kings of pre-construction projects such as generating precise building information models, developing effective coordination model and detecting clashes among Architectural, Structural and MEP elements. In Middle-east countries, though many AEC firms have actively started BIM implementation in their firms, still are there some firms who are still questioning the requirement of BIM implementation. BIM has a great contribution in the aspect of Construction industry evaluation. However in Middle-east, the deployment of BIM is limited due to many reasons such as:
1. People are not understanding the advantages of BIM over CAD
Construction professionals in Middle-east countries are still comparing BIM to CAD. They are not fully aware of the significance of BIM. BIM is not a simple drafting or 3D modeling tool like CAD. Building Information Modeling is a collaborative process of producing as well as managing building information through the entire life cycle of a construction project. In BIM Services, a 3D building information model is developed that is utilized as a 3D database where graphical and non-graphical information is stored. All information within the 3D BIM model is linked with the elements inside the model.
2. BIM software developers have introduced BIM in the market
In Middle-east countries, software companies first introduced BIM in the market because of selling purpose. BIM was launched in the Construction industry as Building Information Modeling software which is purposefully utilized for generating high quality and effective digital 3D coordination models, performing clash detection, creating Bill-of-Quantities (BOQ) and Bill-of-Materials (BOM), extracting accurate Construction Drawings, etc. efficiently. The introduction of BIM led to big misunderstanding and limited the implementation of BIM in Construction industry.
3. Resistance to accept BIM
Resistance to accept any new thing or change is a big stumbling block in the way of progression. As we all know that people resist change because they do not want to leave their comfort zone. If professionals do not have sufficient skill-sets about BIM process and its functionality, then it is really difficult to adopt BIM.
4. Lack of BIM Experts
In Middle-east, BIM is very new to construction industry. So, it is not possible to get enough highly skilled and well-trained BIM Experts.
5. Lack of BIM educational or training institute
Before deploying BIM in any firm, one should have proper know-how of Building Information Modeling process and BOM software. So, professionals need to be trained well before deploying BIM. In Middle-east countries, lack of BIM educational or training institute is also one of the big reasons of partial or limited BIM usage.
6. Different types of international BIM standards and protocols
Various International Institute has prepared their BIM standards. While companies think to start implementing BIM, they cannot understand ‘which BIM standards or protocol is right for them?’ Companies need to understand their need and implement suitable BIM protocol and standards in their firms.
7. Professionals do not want to share their information
BIM is a useful collaborative business process. So, for executing building information modeling process effectively, all project members along with Contractors and Builders needs to share their information among each other. In Middle-east, companies as well as professionals are not so open to share information among them.
8. Professionals need to understand the significance of BIM
Companies and professionals need to treat BIM as mandatory requirement for executing any Construction project effectively.
9. Lack of standardized BIM practice around the world
Though BIM is getting advanced every day and the usage of BIM is also increasing rapidly but till now there is no standardized across the globe.
10. Construction industry culture need to be changed
In Middle–east countries, the biggest BIM implementation hindrance is resistance to industry culture change. Companies in this region need to think of BIM as very useful Building Information Modeling software that can save time and money. As BIM is a collaborative process, so to implement BIM successfully, a major change is needed in the internal work process as well as company culture.
These are the main reasons or barriers that in Middle-east countries the success rate of BIM usage is not so high. In spite of these reasons, a partial and limited form of BIM is beginning to form in these regions. It is expected that with time these barriers possibly will be abolished and people will start to implement BIM appreciably. Without any doubt, the usage of limited BIM also provides benefits, but full deployment of BIM provides enormous benefits. BIM professionals still have a long way to go before they begin utilizing all the advantages of BIM in Middle –east countries.